This article discusses the design of either concrete or masonry cantilever retaining walls. A typical retaining wall is composed of four main components: the Stem , the Toe at the front of the wall, the Heel at the backfill side, and the Shear Key .
Design of concrete cantilever retaining walls to resist earthquake loading for Cantilever concrete retaining walls are commonly used for residential purposes, often as integral basement walls. Usually the cantilever wall stem is of concrete block construction rising from an in-situ concrete foundation.
A cantilever retaining wall is a form of masonry installation that holds a large amount of earth in place. The cantilever design is just one of several variations on a retaining wall design, using various principles to manage earth loads. Engineers evaluate a specific area to see which kind of retaining wall is the best choice for keeping earth loads in place.
A cantilever wall is constructed from reinforced concrete and is built with a stem and base slab that is thinner than in other types of retaining walls. The base is comprised of a heel, which lies underneath the soil, and a toe that sits on the outer part of the wall base.
A basement wall is thus one kind of retaining wall. But the term usually refers to a cantilever retaining wall, which is a freestanding structure without lateral support at its top. 2 These are cantilevered from a footing and rise above the grade on one side to retain a higher level grade on the opposite side.
SECTION 5 - RETAINING WALLS Part A . General Requirements and Materials . 5.1 GENERAL . Retaining walls shall be designed to withstand lateral earth and water pressures, the effects of surcharge loads, Reinforced Concrete Cantilever Wall . Figure 5.2-2 Typical Semi-Gravity Retaining Walls .
Cantilever walls - Cantilever wall design Cantilever walls are walls that do not have any supports and thus have a free unsupported excavation. Cantilever walls restrain retained earth by the passive resistance provided by the soil below the excavation.
Cantilever retaining wall are usually of reinforced concrete and work on the principles of leverage. It has much thinner stem and utilize the weight of the backfill soil to provide most of the resistance to sliding and overturning. Cantilever retaining wall is the most common type of earth-retaining
Shanghai Seven Trust Industry Co., Ltd, founded in the year 2008, is a hi-tech enterprise which specializes in the R&D, sales, and service of WPC materials, Provide excellent products, professional technology and sincere service.